Ghosh, Jiten and Mazumder, Sujata (2012) Structural phase transitions during high-energy ball milling of BaTiO3. Phase Transitions, 85 (8). pp. 694-707. ISSN 0141-1594

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Microstructural characterization of ball milled perovskite BaTiO3 powders has been done by the modeling of X-ray diffraction profiles. The study reveals that on size reduction, BaTiO3 powders undergo a continuous, displacive, and diffusion-less dynamic phase transitions involving tetragonal (T), monoclinic (M), and orthorhombic (O) symmetry via the second-order type [T -> (T + M) -> (M + O) -> O] when stimulated by a high-power pulse of pressure in a planetary mill. The order parameter, a phenomenological quantity to describe the general behavior of a system going through phase transitions has been estimated using spontaneous strain calculated from lattice parameters or physical distortions derived from atomic coordinates or both. At room temperature, BaTiO3 nanoparticle achieved an orthorhombic phase when a critical size (<15 nm) has been reached at later stage of milling (>= 70 h). Raman's study reveals similar structural phase transitions sequence on size reduction and TEM study reveals the corresponding particle diameter.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: barium titanate ceramics; milling; nanostructures; structural phase transitions; X-ray diffraction
Subjects: Electronics
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2012 07:56
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2012 07:56

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