Sarkar, Soumya and Das, Probal Kumar (2012) Non-isothermal oxidation kinetics of single- and multi-walled carbon nanotubes up to 1273 K in ambient. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 107 (3). pp. 1093-1103. ISSN 1388-6150

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Non-isothermal oxidation kinetics of single- and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been studied using thermogravimetry up to 1273 K in ambient using multiple heating rates. One single heating rate based model-fitting technique and four multiple heating rates based model-free isoconversional methods were used for this purpose. Depending on nanotube structure and impurity content, average activation energy (E-a), pre-exponential factor (A), reaction order (n), and degradation mechanism changed considerably. For multi-walled CNTs, E-a and A evaluated using model-fitting technique were ranged from 142.31 to 178.19 kJ mol(-1), respectively, and from 1.71 x 10(5) to 5.81 x 10(7) s(-1), respectively, whereas, E-a for single-walled CNTs ranged from 83.84 to 148.68 kJ mol(-1) and A from 2.55 x 10(2) to 1.18 x 10(7) s(-1). Although, irrespective of CNT type, the model-fitting method resulted in a single kinetic triplet i.e., E-a, A, and reaction mechanism, model-free isoconversional methods suggested that thermal oxidation of these nanotubes could be either a simple single- step mechanism with almost constant activation energy throughout the reaction span or a complex process involving multiple mechanisms that offered varying E-a with extent of conversion. Criado method was employed to predict degradation mechanism(s) of these CNTs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon nanotube; TG; Non-isothermal kinetics; Model-fitting; Isoconversional; Electron microscopy
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Divisions: Non-Oxide Ceramics & Composites
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2012 10:10
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2012 10:10

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