Gonuguntla, M and Sharma, A and Mukherjee, Rabibrata and Subramanian, S A (2006) Control of self-organized contact instability and patterning of soft elastic films. Langmuir, 22 (16). pp. 7066-7071. ISSN 0743-7463

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The surface of a soft elastic film becomes unstable and forms a labyrinth pattern when a rigid flat plate is brought into adhesive contact, without application of any external pressure. These isotropic undulations have a characteristic wavelength, lamda ~ 3H, where H is the film thickness. We present here technique of ordering, aligning, and modulating these micro-labyrinth structures by using a patterned stamp, by varying the stamp-film inter-surface distance, by a lateral confinement of the instability and even by a simple shear motion of a flat stamp. Many complex structures, such as an array of femto-liter beakers and doubly periodic channels, are generated from a simple stamp consisting of parallel channels. The elastic nature of the patterns allows an in-situ tuning, manipulation, and reconfiguration of the microstructures. Regardless of their precise morphology, the structures continue to have the elastic length scale, lamda ~ 3H. The structures can also be made permanent as required by UV-ozone-induced oxidation of the structures. The underlying principles of the elastic contact instability presented here have the potential to develop into a new soft lithography techniqueselastic contact lithography (ECL), allowing a simple, rapid and large area patterning of soft solids.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Physical Properties
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2012 08:33
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2012 08:33
URI: http://cgcri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1152

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