Som, Tirtha and Karmakar, Basudeb (2009) Efficient green and red fluorescence upconversion in erbium doped new low phonon antimony glasses. Optical Materials , 31 (4). pp. 609-618. ISSN 0925-3467

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New K(2)O-B(2)O(3)-Sb(2)O(3) (KBS) glass system having low phonon energy (about 600 cm(-1)) doped with Er(3+) ions has been developed. Infrared reflection spectroscopic (IRRS) studies have been employed to establish its low phonon energy. Ultraviolet-visible-near infrared (UV-vis-NIR) absorption and photoluminescence upconversion properties with special emphasis on the spectrochemistry of the 15K(2)O-15B(2)O(3)-70Sb(2)O(3) (mol%) glass have been studied doping with different concentrations (0.1-1.0 wt%) of Er(2)O(3). UV-vis-NIR absorption band positions have been justified with quantitative calculation of nephelauxetic parameter and covalent bonding characteristics of the host. NIR to visible upconversion has been investigated by exciting at 798 nm at room temperature. Three upconverted bands originating from the (2)H(11/2) -> (4)I(15/2), (4)S(3/2) -> (4)I(15/2) and (4)F(9/2) -> (4)I(15/2) transitions are found to be centered at 522 (green, very weak), 536 (green, medium) and 645 (red, strong) nm, respectively. These bands have been explained from the evaluation of the absorption, normal (down conversion) fluorescence and excitation spectra. The upconversion processes have been explained by the excited state absorption (ESA), energy transfer (ET), cooperative energy transfer (CET) and cross relaxation (CR) mechanisms involving population of 4 the metastable (storage) energy levels ((2)H(11/2), (4)S(3/2) and (4)F(9/2)) by effects of multiphonon deexcitation and thermal population. It is evident from the IRRS study that the upconversion phenomena are expedited by the low multiphonon relaxation rate in antimony glasses owing to their high intense low phonon energy (602 cm(-1)) which is very close to that of fluoride glasses (500-600 cm(-1)). We are the first to report the upconversion fluorescence of Er(3+) ions in KBS antimony glasses. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Upconversion; Erbium(III); Antimony glass; UV-vis-NIR; Nephelauxetic effect; Electronegativity; Covalent bonding; Low phonon glass
Subjects: Glass
Divisions: Glass
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2012 05:36
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2012 05:36

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