Raja, M W and Mahanty, Sourindra and Basu, Rajendra Nath (2009) Influence of S and Ni co-doping on structure, band gap and electrochemical properties of lithium manganese oxide synthesized by soft chemical method. Journal of Power Sources, 192 (2). pp. 618-626. ISSN 0378-7753

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Ni-doped lithium manganese oxysulfides with a nominal composition of LiNi(x)Mn(2-x)O(4-delta)S(delta) (0 <= x <= 0.5 and 0 <= delta <= 0.1) have been synthesized by an alanine-assisted, low-temperature combustion process. followed by calcination at 700 degrees C in air. Quantitative X-ray phase analyses show that the spinel structure of LiMn(2)O(4) is retained for all compositions. However, analysis of the vibrational peaks observed in Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy suggests that the Fd3m crystal symmetry is retained only up to x <= 0.4 and changes to P4(3)32 symmetry for x = 0.5. A systematic change in microstructure is observed with increasing Ni content in presence of S. The shape of the particles changes from spherical (LiMn(2)O(4)) to icosahedron (LiNi(0.2)Mn(1.8)O(4-delta)S(delta)) to octahedron (LiNi(0.5)Mn(1.5)O(4-delta)S(delta)). UV-vis spectroscopy shows that the band structure of pristine LiMn(2)O(4) is strongly influenced by hybridization among Mn 3d and O 2p orbitals near the Fermi level and the band gap (1.45 eV) gradually decreases with increasing nickel content and reaches the minimum (1.35 eV) for LiNi(0.4)Mn(1.6)O(4-delta)S(delta). Electrochemical results on 2032 coin-type cells, fabricated with the synthesized powders as the positive electrode (cathode) and Li metal as the negative electrode (anode), reveal that the substitution of S for O and Ni for Mn in LiMn(2)O(4) enhances the structural integrity of the spinel host, which in turn increases the electrochemical cycleability. A high initial discharge capacity of 155 mAh g(-1) is obtained fora LiNi(0.4)Mn(1.6)O(4-delta)S(delta)/Li cell with about 87% capacity retention (135 mAh g(-1)) after 25 cycles at a current density of 0.2 mA cm(-2). All LiNi(x)Mn(2-x)O(4-delta)S(delta)/Li cells (x = 0.2-0.5) show excellent reversibility with nominal capacity fading (0.04-0.2 mAh per cycle) at a current density of 0.2 mA cm(-2). (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lithium-ion battery; LiMn(2)O(4); Self-combustion reaction; Electrochemical properties
Subjects: Electronics
Divisions: Fuel Cell and Battery
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2012 07:53
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 07:53
URI: http://cgcri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1085

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